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Title

Hardness and flexural strength of single-walled carbon nanotube/alumina composites

AuthorsGallardo-López, A.; Poyato, Rosalía ; Morales-Rodríguez, A.; Fernández-Serrano, A.; Muñoz, A. ; Domínguez-Rodríguez, Alejandro
KeywordsAlumina
Hardness
Nanocomposites
Flexural strength
Carbon nanotubes
Issue Date2014
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
CitationJournal of Materials Science 49: 7116- 7123 (2014)
AbstractThis work adds new experimental facts on room temperature hardness and flexural strength of alumina and composites with 1, 2, 5 and 10 vol% single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) with similar grain size. Monolithic Al2O3 and composites were spark plasma sintered (SPS) in identical conditions at 1300 &Deg;C, achieving high density, submicrometric grain size and a reasonably homogeneous distribution of SWNT along grain boundaries for all compositions with residual agglomerates. Vickers hardness values comparable to monolithic alumina were obtained for composites with low (1 vol%) SWNT content, though they decreased for higher concentrations, attributed to the fact that SWNT constitute a softer phase. Three-point bending flexural strength also decreased with increasing SWNT content. Correlation between experimental results and microstructural analysis by electron microscopy indicates that although SWNT agglomerates have often been blamed for detrimental effects on the mechanical properties of these composites, they are not the main cause for the reported decay in flexural strength. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/102092
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8419-5
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s10853-014-8419-5
issn: 1573-4803
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