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Development of interspecies testicular germ-cell transplantation in flatfish

AuthorsPacchiarini, Tiziana ; Sarasquete, Carmen ; Cabrita, Elsa
Senegalese sole
Issue Date5-Jun-2014
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
CitationReproduction, Fertility and Development 26(5): 690-702 (2014)
AbstractInterspecific testicular germ cell (TGC) transplantation was investigated in two commercial flatfish species. Testes from donor species (Senegalese sole) were evaluated using classical histological techniques (haematoxylin-eosin staining and haematoxylin-light green-orange G-acid fuchsine staining), in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemical analysis. Both Ssvasa1-2 mRNAs and SsVasa protein allowed the characterisation of TGCs, confirming the usefulness of the vasa gene in the detection of Senegalese sole TGCs. Xenogenic transplants were carried out using TGCs from oneyear- old Senegalese sole into turbot larvae. Propidium iodide-SYBR-14 and 40,60-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining showed that 87.98% of the extracted testicular cells were viable for microinjection and that 15.63% of the total recovered cells were spermatogonia. The vasa gene was characterised in turbot recipients using cDNA cloning. Smvasa mRNA was confirmed as a germ cell-specific molecular marker in this species. Smvasa expression analysis during turbot ontogeny was carried out before Senegalese soleTGCtransplants into turbot larvae. Turbot larvae at 18 days after hatching (DAH) proved to be susceptible to manipulation procedures. High survival rates (83.75±15.90-100%) were obtained for turbot larvae at 27, 34 and 42 DAH. These data highlight the huge potential of this species for transplantation studies. Quantitative PCR was employed to detect Senegalese sole vasa mRNAs (Ssvasa1-2) in the recipient turbot larvae. The Ssvasa mRNAs showed a significant increase in relative expression in 42-DAH microinjected larvae three weeks after treatment, showing the proliferation of Senegalese sole spermatogonia in transplanted turbot larvae. © CSIRO 2014.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1071/RD13103
Identifiersdoi: 10.1071/RD13103
issn: 1031-3613
e-issn: 1448-5990
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