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Title

Electron cooling in diffusive normal metal-superconductor tunnel junctions with a spin-valve ferromagnetic interlayer

AuthorsOzaeta, A.; Vasenko, A. S.; Hekking, F. W. J.; Bergeret, F. S. CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review B 85: 174518 (2012)
AbstractWe investigate heat and charge transport through a diffusive SIF 1F 2N tunnel junction, where N (S) is a normal (superconducting) electrode, I is an insulator layer, and F 1,2 are two ferromagnets with arbitrary direction of magnetization. The flow of an electric current in such structures at subgap bias is accompanied by a heat transfer from the normal metal into the superconductor, which enables refrigeration of electrons in the normal metal. We demonstrate that the refrigeration efficiency depends on the strength of the ferromagnetic exchange field h and the angle α between the magnetizations of the two F layers. As expected, for values of h much larger than the superconducting order parameter Δ, the proximity effect is suppressed and the efficiency of refrigeration increases with respect to a NIS junction. However, for h∼Δ the cooling power (i.e., the heat flow out of the normal metal reservoir) has a nonmonotonic behavior as a function of h showing a minimum at hΔ. We also determine the dependence of the cooling power on the lengths of the ferromagnetic layers, the bias voltage, the temperature, the transmission of the tunneling barrier, and the magnetization misalignment angle α. © 2012 American Physical Society.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.174518
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/101998
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.174518
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.174518
issn: 1098-0121
e-issn: 1550-235X
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