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Tribological behaviour at high temperature of hard CrAlN coatings doped with y or Zr

AuthorsSánchez-López, J.C. ; Contreras, A.; Domínguez-Meister, Santiago ; García-Luis, Alberto; Brizuela, Marta
Magnetron sputtering
Issue Date2014
CitationThin Solid Films 550: 413- 420 (2014)
AbstractThe tribological properties of CrAlN, CrAlYN and CrAlZrN coatings deposited by direct current reactive magnetron sputtering are studied by means of pin-on-disc experiments at room temperature, 300, 500 and 650 C using alumina balls as counterparts. The influence of the metallic composition (Al, Y and Zr) on the friction, wear properties and oxidation resistance is studied by means of scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and Raman analysis of the contact region after the friction tests. The results obtained allow us to classify the tribological behaviour of the CrAl(Y,Zr)N coatings into three groups according to the nature of the dopant and aluminium content. The sliding wear mechanism is characterized by the formation of an overcoat rich in chromium and aluminium oxides whose particular composition is determined by the initial chemical characteristics of the coating and the testing temperature. The fraction of Cr2O3 becomes more significant as the Al content decreases and the temperature increases. The addition of Y, and particularly Zr, favours the preferential formation of Cr2O 3 versus CrO2 leading to a reduction of friction and wear of the counterpart. Conversely, the tribological behaviour of pure CrAlN coatings is characterized by higher friction but lower film wear rates as a result of higher hardness and major presence of aluminium oxides on the coating surface. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2013.10.041
issn: 0040-6090
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