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Concentration changes of organochlorine compounds and polybromodiphenyl ethers during metamorphosis of aquatic insects

AutorBartrons Vilamala, Mireia; Grimalt, Joan O.; Catalán, Jordi
Palabras claveOrganochlorine compounds
Polybromodiphenyl ethers
Aquatic insects
High predators
Fecha de publicación1-ago-2007
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónEnvironmental Science & Technology 41(17): 6137-6141 (2007)
ResumenThe role of insect larvae and pupae as sources of organochlorine compounds (OCs) and polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in freshwater food webs for high predators such as fish is evaluated. Trichoptera and diptera have been taken as organisms of choice for such comparison because they are common in benthic aquatic habitats and accumulate substantial amounts of these compounds. Hexachlorobenzene, hexachlorocyclohexanes, 4,4'DDE, 4,4'DDT, polychlorobiphenyls, and PBDEs have been measured. The results show a nonselective enrichment of OCs and PBDEs from larvae to pupae. These concentration increases may result from the weight loss of pupae during metamorphosis as a consequence of mainly protein carbon respiration and lack of feeding. Despite the lack of change in total amount, the concentration increases from larvae to pupae are very relevant for the pollutant ingestion of the higher predators. The intakes of OCs and PBDEs by trout are between 2- and 5-fold higher per calorie gained when predating on pupae than on larvae. Since pollutant concentration, energy reward, predation susceptibility, and duration of life stage are very different between these two insect stages, and none of them is irrelevant for the incorporation of OCs or PBDEs to higher levels, bioaccumulation food-web models should distinguish between the two sources.
Descripción5 pages, 3 figures.-- PMID: 17937293 [PubMed].-- Printed version published on Sep 1, 2007.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es0703271
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