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Título

Regulation of ethylene and polyamine synthesis by elevated carbon dioxide in cherimoya fruit stored at ripening and chilling temperatures

Autor Muñoz, M. T.; Aguado, P.; Ortega, N.; Escribano, M. Isabel ; Merodio, Carmen
Palabras clave CO2 levels
Chilling temperature
Cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.)
ACC oxidase
Ethylene
Ripening.
Polyamines
ADC
Fecha de publicación 1999
EditorCSIRO Publishing
Citación Functional Plant Biology 26: 201- 209 (1999)
ResumenIn this study we focused on the effect of high CO2 level (20%) on ethylene and polyamine biosynthesis in cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.) fruits stored at ripening (20°C) and chilling (6°C) temperatures. At ripening temperature, CO2 inhibited ethylene production, but 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) oxidase activity was similar to that in ripe control fruits. CO2 treatment led to a decline in putrescine (Put) and a major accumulation of spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm) without any effect on arginine decarboxylase (ADC) activity. These results confirm the preferential transformation of Put to Spd and Spm in CO2-treated fruits. At chilling temperature, the increase in ACC oxidase activity was inhibited and the Vmax of ADC increased. A combination of chilling temperature storage and high CO2 level led to suppression of basal ethylene production while ACC oxidase activity remained unchanged. In addition, fruits held at these conditions had higher polyamine titres than the untreated control. We propose that, in CO2-treated fruits, the absence of autocatalytic or basal ethylene production, depending on the temperature, may be due to deviation of the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) pool towards polyamine synthesis, primarily Spd and Spm. © CSIRO 1999.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/101420
DOI10.1071/PP98115
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1071/PP98115
issn: 1445-4408
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