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Novel poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) nanocomposites containing WS2 inorganic nanotubes with improved thermal, mechanical and tribological properties

AuthorsNaffakh, Mohammed ; Marco, Carlos ; Ellis, Gary James ; Cohen, Sidney R.; Laikhtman, Alexander; Rapoport, Lev; Zak, Alla
KeywordsComposite materials Tribology
Thermal properties
Mechanical properties
Issue Date2014
CitationMaterials Chemistry and Physics 147: 273- 284 (2014)
AbstractPoly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) nanocomposites containing environmentally-friendly tungsten disulphide inorganic nanotubes (INT-WS 2) have been successfully prepared by a simple solution blending method. The dynamic and isothermal crystallization studies by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) demonstrated that the INT-WS2 exhibits much more prominent nucleation activity on the crystallization of PHB than specific nucleating agents or other nanoscale fillers. Both crystallization rate and crystallinity significantly increase in the nanocomposites compared to neat PHB. These changes occur without modifying the crystalline structure of PHB in the nanocomposites, as shown by wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXS) and infrared/Raman spectroscopy. Other parameters such as the Avrami exponent, the equilibrium melting temperature, global rate constant and the fold surface free energy of PHB chains in the nanocomposites were obtained from the calorimetric data in order to determine the influence of the INT-WS2 filler. The addition of INT-WS2 remarkably influences the energetics and kinetics of nucleation and growth of PHB, reducing the fold surface free energy by up to 20%. Furthermore, these nanocomposites also show an improvement in both tribological and mechanical (hardness and modulus) properties with respect to pure PHB evidenced by friction and nanoindentation tests, which is of important potential interest for industrial and medical applications. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2014.04.040
issn: 0254-0584
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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