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Título

Arabidopsis ORC1 is a PHD-containing H3K4me3 effector that regulates transcription

AutorSánchez, María de la Paz; Gutiérrez Armenta, Crisanto
Palabras claveCell cycle transcription
Histone H3 lysine 4 methylation
ORC1 DNA replication
Plant homeodomain
Fecha de publicación26-ene-2009
EditorNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
CitaciónProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (PNAS) 106(6): 2065-2070 (2009)
ResumenControl of gene expression depends on a complex and delicate balance of various posttranslational modifications of histones. However, the relevance of specific combinations of histone modifications is not fully defined. Downstream effector proteins recognize particular histone modifications and transduce this information into gene expression patterns. Methylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me) is a landmark of gene expression control in eukaryotes. Its recognition depends on the presence in the effector protein of a motif termed plant homeodomain (PHD) that specifically binds to H3K4me3. Here, we establish that Arabidopsis ORC1, the large subunit of the origin recognition complex involved in defining origins of DNA replication, functions as a transcriptional activator of a subset of genes, the promoters of which are preferentially bound by ORC1. Arabidopsis ORC1 contains a PHD and binds to H3K4me3. In addition to H4 acetylation, ORC1 binding correlates with increased H4K20me3 in the proximal promoter region of ORC1 targets. This suggests that H4K20me3, unlike in animal cells, is associated with transcriptional activation in Arabidopsis. Thus, our data provide a molecular basis for the opposite role of ORC1 in transcriptional activation in plants and repression in animals. Since only ORC1 proteins of plant species contain a PHD, we propose that plant ORC1 constitutes a novel class of H3K4me3 effector proteins characteristic of the plant kingdom.
Descripción6 pages, 5 figures.-- Supplementary information (Suppl. figures S1-S8, tables S1-S2, 10 pages) available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2009/01/26/0811093106.DCSupplemental/0811093106SI.pdf
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0811093106
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/10070
DOI10.1073/pnas.0811093106
ISSN0027-8424
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