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Impact of Sea Surface Temperature and Measurement Sampling on the SMOS Level 3 Salinity Products

AuthorsSabia, Roberto ; Cristo, Alejandro; Talone, Marco ; Fernández-Prieto, Diego; Portabella, Marcos
KeywordsSea surface salinity
Sea surface temperature
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity
Issue DateJul-2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 11(7): 1245-1249 (2014)
AbstractThe European Space Agency Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission aims at estimating, over the oceans, sea surface salinity (SSS) with spatial and temporal coverage adequate for large-scale oceanography. Spatiotemporal averaging of the retrieved SSS [level-3 (L3) product] has to be properly performed in order to meet the challenging mission requirements. At high latitudes, the generally low sea surface temperature (SST) characterizing the ocean degrades the brightness temperature sensitivity to SSS, but conversely, an improvement in the L3 retrieved SSS performances should be expected due to an increased pixel sampling. This tradeoff between geophysical effects in cold seawater and the concomitant temporal oversampling has been addressed by analyzing the latitudinal trend of the retrieved salinity performances, in various retrieval configurations and settings, once a conservative and optimal data filtering strategy is applied. Quantitative rate of changes of the SSS retrieval performance with the SST variability is provided, together with the net oversampling contribution to the L3 SSS accuracy. The experiments carried out demonstrate that the high-latitude oversampling does not compensate for the SST-driven latitudinal degradation of the L3 SSS product quality. © 2004-2012 IEEE
Description5 pages, 5 figures
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2013.2290710
Identifiersdoi: 10.1109/LGRS.2013.2290710
issn: 1545-598X
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