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Title

Nature of impurities in fertilizers containing EDDHMA/Fe3+, EDDHSA/Fe3+, and EDDCHA/Fe3+ chelates

AuthorsÁlvarez-Fernández, Ana ; Cremonini, Mauro Andrea; Sierra, Miguel A.; Placucci, Giuseppe; Lucena, Juan J.
KeywordsEDDHSA
Fertilizers
Iron chelates
EDDHMA
EDDCHA
Issue Date16-Jan-2002
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50 (2): 284-290 (2002)
AbstractIron chelates derived from ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDHA), ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxy-p-methylphenylacetic) acid (EDDHMA), ethylenediaminedi(2-hydroxy-5-sulfophenylacetic) acid (EDDHSA), and ethylenediaminedi(5-carboxy-2-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDCHA) are remarkably efficient in correcting iron chlorosis in plants growing in alkaline soils. This work reports the determination of impurities in commercial, samples of fertilizers containing EDDHMA/Fe3+, EDDHSA/Fe3+, and EDDCHA/Fe3+, The active components (EDDHMA/Fe3+, EDDHSA/Fe3+, and EDDCHA/Fe3+,) were separated easily from other compounds present in the fertilizers by HPLC. Comparison of the retention times and the UV-visible spectra of the peaks obtained from commercial EDDHSA/Fe3+ and EDDCHA/Fe3+ samples with those of standard solutions showed that unreacted starting materials (p-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid, respectively) were always present in the commercial products. 1D and 2D NMR experiments showed that commercial fertilizers based on EDDHMA/Fe3+ contained impurities having structures tentatively assigned to iron chelates of two isomers of EDDHMA. These findings suggest that current production processes of iron chelates used in agriculture need to be improved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf010858n
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/99563
DOI10.1021/jf010858n
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jf010858n
issn: 0021-8561
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