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Simulation of catalytic water activation in mitochondrial F 1-atpase using a hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics approach: An alternative role for β-Glu 188

AuthorsMartín-García, Fernando ; Mendieta, Jesús ; Marcos-Alcalde, Íñigo ; Gómez-Puertas, Paulino ; Mendieta, Jesús
Issue Date2013
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationBiochemistry 52: 959- 966 (2013)
AbstractThe use of quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics simulations to study the free energy landscape of the water activation at the catalytic site of mitochondrial F1-ATPase affords us insight into the generation of the nucleophile OH- prior to ATP hydrolysis. As a result, the ATP molecule was found to be the final proton acceptor. In the simulated pathway, the transfer of a proton to the nucleotide was not direct but occurred via a second water molecule in a manner similar to the Grotthuss mechanism proposed for proton diffusion. Residue β-Glu 188, previously described as the putative catalytic base, was found to be involved in the stabilization of a transient hydronium ion during water activation. Simulations in the absence of the carboxylate moiety of β-Glu 188 support this role. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/bi301109x
issn: 0006-2960
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