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Effects of cadmium and lead on ferric chelate reductase activities in sugar beet roots

AutorZouari, Mohamed; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda ; Lucena, Juan J.; Abadía Bayona, Javier
Palabras claveSugar beet
Lead toxicity
Iron deficiency
Iron chlorosis
Heavy metals
Ferric chelate reductase
Cadmium toxicity
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2003
CitaciónPlant Physiology and Biochemistry 41 (11-12): 999-1005 (2003)
ResumenThe effects of the heavy metals Cd and Pb on the activity of the enzyme ferric chelate reductase (FC-R, E.C. have been studied in excised sugar beet root tips. The activity of this enzyme is markedly increased by iron deficiency. Metals were used as chloride salts or chelated with EDTA, and chemical speciation was carried out to predict the metal chemical species in equilibrium both in the ferric reductase assay and in the nutrient solutions. Three different heavy metal treatments were used. First, effects of Cd and Pb on the functioning of the FC-R were assessed in Fe-deficient plants, by including metals in the enzyme assay medium only. Results indicate that 50 μM CdCl2 or Cd-EDTA did not affect FC-R activities even when assay time was as long as 2 h, whereas Pb slightly decreased enzyme activity only at concentrations of 2 mM. Second, short-time Cd and Pb pre-treatments (30-60 min) were imposed on intact Fe-deficient plants before carrying out the assay of FC-R activity. These short-term treatments induced significant decreases in the FC-R activities previously induced by Fe deficiency. With Cd, effects were more pronounced at higher concentrations, and they were stronger when Cd was in the free ion form than when present in the form of Cd-EDTA chelate. Third, prolonged Cd and Pb treatments were imposed on plants grown on 45 pM Fe-EDTA to assess the long-term effects of heavy metals on the induction of the FC-R enzyme. These long-term heavy metal treatments caused a significant increase in the root FC-R activities, indicating that Cd and Pb induce a deficiency in Fe in sugar beet that in turn elicits FC-R activity. The increases, however, are not as large as those found in total absence of Fe. © 2003 Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2003.07.007
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2003.07.007
issn: 0981-9428
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