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Effect of drought on light-energy dissipation mechanisms in high-light-acclimated, field-grown grapevines

AutorMedrano Gil, Hipólito ; Bota, Josefina; Abadía Bayona, Anunciación ; Sampol, Bartolomé; Escalona, José Mariano; Flexas, Jaume
Palabras claveEnergy dissipation
Stomatal conductance
Photochemical reactions
Light emission
Fecha de publicación2002
EditorCSIRO Publishing
CitaciónFunctional Plant Biology 29(10): 1119-1207 (2002)
ResumenThe response of several light-energy dissipation mechanisms to water shortage was analysed in a 10-year study in field-grown, high-light-acclimated grapevines, and compared with those of greenhouse-grown, low-light-acclimated grapevines. Dissipation mechanisms, except leaf photochemistry, differ among cultivars and acclimate to the prevailing light conditions during growth. However, no additional acclimation to drought was observed. The dependence of the dissipation responses on stomatal conductance suggests that low CO2 availability in the chloroplasts during drought triggers variations in the energy dissipation pattern. In irrigated grapevines under high light, more than 50% of total absorbed energy is thermally dissipated. There is evidence that implicates the xanthophyll cycle as the main thermal dissipation processes. CO2 assimilation is the most important photochemical pathway of dissipation in irrigated plants, but is replaced by photorespiration when CO2 assimilation declines under mild drought. Under moderate to severe drought, both photosynthesis and photorespiration decline, and thermal dissipation increases to account for up to 90% of total dissipation. Involvement of other processes in light dissipation is minimal in grapevines. Even in severely-stressed leaves, the incidence of photoinhibition is very low, indicating that safe dissipation of absorbed energy is very effective in grapevines.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1071/FP02016
issn: 1445-4408
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