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Anthelmintic effect of heather in goats experimentally infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis

AuthorsMoreno Gonzalo, Javier; Osoro, Koldo; García, Urcesino; Frutos, Pilar ; Celaya, Rafael; Ferreira, Luis M. M.; Ortega Mora, Luis M.; Ferre, Ignacio
KeywordsGastrointestinal nematode infections
Acacia-cyanophylla lindl
Sericea-lespedeza hay
Condensed tannins
Parasitic nematodes
Cashmere goats
Issue DateFeb-2014
CitationParasitology Research 113(2) : 693-699 (2014)
AbstractThe effects of heather (composed primarily of Calluna vulgaris with a smaller content of Erica umbellata and Erica cinerea) consumption on the establishment of incoming infective larvae (experiment 1, preventive treatment) and an adult worm population (experiment 2, curative treatment) were investigated in Cashmere goats experimentally infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis. In experiment 1, 12 castrated male goats were divided into two groups: heather-supplemented vs. non-supplemented animals. After 2 weeks of adaptation to the diet, all goats were experimentally infected per os with 6,000 T. colubriformis third-stage larvae. Three weeks post-infection, the goats were slaughtered, and worm counts as well as female worm fecundity and development were determined. Heather consumption was associated with a close to significant (P = 0.092) reduction (mean 14 %) in larvae establishment. No effect on fecundity was observed, but the length of female worms in supplemented goats was greater (P < 0.001). In experiment 2, 15 nonlactating does were experimentally infected with 6,000T. colubriformis third-stage larvae. At 6 weeks post-infection, three groups were established: control, heather-supplemented and heather-supplemented with polyethylene glycol. Individual faecal nematode egg output was measured twice weekly to assess gastrointestinal nematode egg excretion. The goats were slaughtered 5 weeks after heather administration (11 weeks post-infection), and worm counts as well as female worm fecundity and development were subsequently determined. Heather administration was associated with a significant (P < 0.001) decrease (between 47 and 66% compared with control group) in egg excretion from 45 to 76 days postinfection. Although worm counts and female fecundity were lower in supplemented goats, no significant differences were observed. Overall, the results showed a reduction in T. colubriformis larvae establishment and a decrease in nematode egg excretion when heather was administered in experimentally infected goats. The heather plus polyethylene glycol treatment reduced nematode egg excretion levels at the same proportion as heather, thereby suggesting that the threshold of tannins required for an anthelmintic effect is most likely quite low.
Description7 páginas, 2 figuras, 1 tabla.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3697-4
Appears in Collections:(IGM) Artículos
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