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Open Access item Laccases and their applications: a patent review

Authors:Kunamneni, Adinarayana
Plou Gasca, Francisco José
Ballesteros, Antonio
Alcalde Galeote, Miguel
Keywords:Laccases, Nanobiotechnology, Pulp and paper, Textile, Bioremediation, Pharmaceutical, Heterologous production, Biofuel cells
Issue Date:2008
Publisher:Bentham Science Publishers
Citation:Recent Patents on Biotechnology 2(1):10-24 (2008)
Abstract:Laccases are an interesting group of multi copper enzymes, which have received much attention of researchers in last decades due to their ability to oxidize both phenolic and non-phenolic lignin related compounds as well as highly recalcitrant environmental pollutants. This makes these biocatalysts very useful for their application in several biotechnological processes. Such applications include the detoxification of industrial effluents, mostly from the paper and pulp, textile and petrochemical industries, polymer synthesis, bioremediation of contaminated soils, wine and beverage stabilization. Laccases are also used as catalysts for the manufacture of anti-cancer drugs and even as ingredients in cosmetics. Recently, the utility of laccases has also been applied to nanobiotechnology. This paper reviews recent and important patents related to the properties, heterologous production, molecular cloning, and applications of laccases within different industrial fields as well as their potential extension to the nanobiotechnology area.
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