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Closed Access item Chemical tools to investigate sphingolipid metabolism and functions

Authors:Delgado Cirilo, Antonio
Casas Brugulat, Josefina
Llebaria Soldevilla, Amadeu
Abad, José Luis
Fabriàs, Gemma
Keywords:Analogues, Biosynthesis, Enzimes, Inhibitors, Metabolism, Sphingolipids
Issue Date:25-Jun-2007
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Citation:ChemMedChem 2(5): 580-606 (2007)
Abstract:Sphingolipids comprise an important group of biomolecules, some of which have been shown to play important roles in the regulation of many cell functions. From a structural standpoint, they all share a long 2-amino-1,3-diol chain, which can be either saturated (sphinganine), hydroxylated at C4 (phytosphingosine), or unsaturated at C4 (sphingosine) as in most mammalian cells. N-acylation of sphingosine leads to ceramide, a key intermediate in sphingolipd metabolism that can be enzymatically modified at the C1-OH position to other biologically important sphingolipids, such as sphingomyelin or glycosphingolipids. In addition, both ceramide and sphingosine can be phosphorylated at C1-OH to give ceramide-1-phosphate and sphingosine-1-phosphate, respectively. To better understand the biological and biophysical roles of sphingolipids, many efforts have been made to design synthetic analogues as chemical tools able to unravel their structure–activity relationships, and to alter their cellular levels. This last approach has been thoroughly studied by the development of specific inhibitors of some key enzymes that play an important role in biosynthesis or metabolism of these intriguing lipids. With the above premises in mind, the aim of this review is to collect, in a systematic way, the recent efforts described in the literature leading to the development of new chemical entities specifically designed to achieve the above goals.
Description:27 pages, 46 figures.-- PMID: 17252619 [PubMed].
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cmdc.200600195
Appears in Collections:(IQAC) Artículos

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