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Contributions of geoarchaeology and remote sensing to the study of Holocene hunteregatherer and agro-pastoral groups in arid margins: The case of North Gujarat (Northwest India)

AuthorsBalbo, Andrea ; Rondelli, B. ; Cecilia Conesa, Francesc ; Lancelotti, Carla ; Madella, Marco ; Ajithprasad, P.
Remote sensing
North Gujarat (Northwest India)
Issue Date2013
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationQuaternary International (308-309) : 53- 65 (2013)
AbstractThe present work aims at setting the bases for the critical study of settlement patterns and resource management among Holocene hunteregatherer and agro-pastoral groups in arid margins. The case study is set on the SWmargin of the Thar Desert, in N Gujarat, an ecotone sensitive to the slightest shifts in precipitation patterns (Indian Summer Monsoon). The potential significance of published and newly acquired archaeological information is discussed in the light of physiographical data collected from satellite imagery and field exploration. The review of available and newly acquired records includes: (a) The integration of field and remote observation of regional traits and (b) The definition of active morphological processes that may bias archaeological preservation and visibility. A synthetic geoarchaeological map of the study area is proposed that integrates physiographical and archaeological evidence at the regional scale. The potential significance of the archaeological evidence in the region (i.e. presence/absence/concentration of archaeological materials in different physiographical units) is discussed in terms of preservation and visibility. At this stage, results are considered at the regional level of macroscopic units. The results constitute the first step towards the full multi-scalar integration of landscape architectures, stratified archaeological sites and surface sediments at regional and local levels
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2012.12.016
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