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Studying the 410-km and 660-km discontinuities beneath spain and morocco through detection of p-to-s conversions

AuthorsBonatto, Luciana ; Schimmel, Martin ; Gallart Muset, Josep ; Morales, José
KeywordsTime-series analysis
Body waves
Issue Date2013
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationGeophysical Journal International 194: 920- 935 (2013)
AbstractIn this study, we analyse the 410-km and 660-km upper-mantle transition zone discontinuitiesas seen from seismic P-to-s wave conversions beneath the Eurasian-African Plate boundaryat south Spain and north Morocco. For this purpose we use teleseismic events recorded at43 broad-band seismic stations deployed mainly by the TopoIberia project. The conversionsfrom the upper-mantle discontinuities arrive in the P-wave coda together with other signalsand are usually identified on stacked receiver functions. We build a new processing approachwhich is leaned on receiver functions and which is based on cross-correlation and stackingtechniques to efficiently detect and extract signals by means of their coherence, slowness, traveltime and polarity. In order to add consistency and robustness to the detections, our finalresults are based on a joint analysis of two different cross-correlation functionals and receiverfunctions. This permits to assess errors and to bridge observation gaps due to the breakdownof any of the techniques inherent to signal and noise characteristics. Finally, discontinuitydepths are determined using time corrections obtained from a 3-D velocity model. We presenttopography maps for the 410-km and 660-km discontinuities which show a thickening of thetransition zone beneath the plate boundary towards Morocco. The transition zone thickness isabout global average beneath south Spain (240-250 km) and is thicker beneath east Morocco(250-275 km). This is mainly due to a deeper 660-km discontinuity, while the topography ofthe 410-km discontinuity is smaller. In the Alboran Sea we find an up to 25 km deflection ofthe 660-km discontinuity which suggests that the Alboran Sea heterogeneity or slab is stillsufficiently cold to depress the post-spinel phase transition. We finally discuss the results inorder to add new constraints on temperature and composition to seismic velocity anomaliesobserved in the transition zone beneath south Spain and north Morocco.© The Authors 2013.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggt129
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/gji/ggt129
issn: 0956-540X
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