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Mesozoic exhumation history and palaeolandscape of the Iberian Massif in eastern Galicia from apatite fission-track and (U+Th)/He data

AuthorsGrobe, R. W.; Alvarez-Marrón, Joaquina ; Glasmacher, U. A.; Stuart, F.
KeywordsMesozoic exhumation history
Long-term landscape evolution
Late Cretaceous paleolandscape
NW Iberian Massif
AFT and AHe thermochronology
Issue Date2014
CitationInternational Journal of Earth Sciences 103: 539- 561 (2014)
AbstractApatite fission-track (AFT) and (U+Th)/He (AHe) data, combined with time-temperature inverse modelling, reveal the cooling and exhumation history of the Iberian Massif in eastern Galicia since the Mesozoic. The continuous cooling at various rates correlates with variation of tectonic boundary conditions in the adjacent continental margins. The data provide constraints on the 107 timescale longevity of a relict paleolandscape. AFT ages range from 68 to 174 Ma with mean track lengths of 10.7 ± 2.6 to 12.6 ± 1.8 μm, and AHe ages range from 73 to 147 Ma. Fastest exhumation (≈0.25 km/Ma) occurred during the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous main episode of rifting in the adjacent western and northern margins. Exhumation rates have decreased since then and have been approximately one order of magnitude lower. Across inland Galicia, the AFT data are consistent with Early Cretaceous movement on post-Variscan NE trending faults. This is coeval with an extensional episode offshore. The AHe data in this region indicate less than 1.7 km of denudation in the last 100 Ma. This low exhumation suggests the attainment of a mature landscape during Late Cretaceous post-rift tectonic stability, whose remains are still preserved. The low and steady rate of denudation prevailed across inland Galicia despite minor N-S shortening in the northern margin since ≈45 Ma ago. In north Galicia, rock uplift in response to NW strike-slip faulting since Early Oligocene to Early Miocene has caused insufficient exhumation (<3 km) to remove the Mesozoic cooling signal recorded by the AFT data. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00531-013-0976-3
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00531-013-0976-3
issn: 1437-3254
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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