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Evaluation of morphometry-based dating of monogenetic volcanoes: a case study from Bandas del Sur, Tenerife (Canary Islands)

AuthorsGábor Kereszturi; Geyer, Adelina ; Martí Molist, Joan ; Károly Németh; Dóniz-Páez, F. Javier
Cinder cone
Height width ratio
Volcanic chain
Slope angle
Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
Scoria cone
Issue Date2013
CitationBulletin of Volcanology 75: 734 (2013)
AbstractMorphometry-based dating provides a first-order estimate of the temporal evolution of monogenetic volcanic edifices located within an intraplate monogenetic volcanic field or on the flanks of a polygenetic volcano. Two widely used morphometric parameters, namely cone height/width ratio (Hmax/Wco) and slope angle, were applied to extract chronological information and evaluate their accuracy for morphometry-based ordering. Based on these quantitative parameters extracted from contour-based Digital Elevation Models (DEMs), two event orders for the Bandas del Sur in Tenerife (Canary Islands) were constructed and compared with the existing K-Ar, paleomagnetic and stratigraphic data. The results obtained suggest that the commonly used Hmax/Wcoratio is not reliable, leading to inappropriate temporal order estimates, while the slope angle gives slightly better results. The overall performance of such descriptive parameterswas, however, generally poor(i.e. there is no strong correlation between morphometry and age). The geomorphic/morphometric mismatches could be the result of (1) the diversity of syn-eruptive processes (i.e. diverse initial morphologies causing geomorphic/morphometric variability), (2) contrasting, edifice-specific degradation that depends partly upon the inner facies architecture of the volcanic edifices, (3) various external environmental controls (e.g. tephra mantling from pyroclastic density currents unrelated to the edifice evaluated) and (4) differences in the scale/resolution of input data. The observed degradation trend and changes in morphometric parameters over time do not support a simple degradation model for monogenetic scoria cones volcanoes.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-013-0734-1
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00445-013-0734-1
issn: 0258-8900
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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