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Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase regulates endothelin-1 expression by a novel, redox-sensitive mechanism involving mRNA stability

AuthorsRodríguez-Pascual, Fernando ; Redondo-Horcajo, Mariano ; Magán-Marchal, Noemi ; Lagares, David ; Martínez-Ruiz, Antonio ; Kleinert, Hartmut; Lamas Peláez, Santiago
KeywordsEndothelin-1 (ET-1)
mRNA stability
Glyceraldehyde-3'-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)
Issue Date22-Sep-2008
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationMolecular and Cellular Biology 28(23): 7139-7155 (2008)
AbstractThe regulation of the synthesis of the endothelial-derived vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a complex process encompassing transcriptional as well as mRNA stability mechanisms. We have described recently the existence of a mechanism for the control of ET-1 expression based on the mRNA-destabilizing capacity of specific cytosolic proteins through interaction with AU-rich elements (AREs) present in the 3'-UTR of the gene. We now identify glyceraldehyde-3'-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as a protein which binds to the AREs and is responsible for its destabilization. Oxidant stress alters the binding of GAPDH to the mRNA and its capacity to modulate ET-1 expression, a phenomenon occurring through specific S-glutathionylation of the catalytically active residue Cys 152. Finally we provide data consistent with a role for GAPDH in mRNA unwinding, yielding this molecule more prone to degradation. By contrast, S-thiolated GAPDH appears unable to modify mRNA unwinding, thus facilitating enhanced stability. Taken together, these results describe a novel, redox-based mechanism regulating mRNA stability and add a new facet to the panoply of GAPDH cellular homeostatic actions.
Description17 pages.-- PMID: 18809573 [PubMed].-- Printed version published on Dec 2008.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MCB.01145-08
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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