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Failure analysis of a Ti6Al4V cementless HIP prosthesis

AuthorsChao, Jesús; López, Víctor
KeywordsNotch effect
Fatigue failure
Hip prosthesis
Issue Date2007
CitationEngineering Failure Analysis 14: 822-830 (2007)
AbstractThis work investigates the causes of in vivo fracture of a cementless hip prosthesis model manufactured with Ti6A14V alloy. To this end an assessment of geometric characteristics, a fractographic analysis of the fracture surface, and a microstructural study of the stem material were carried out. The results indicate that the fracture was initiated at the junction radius of the neck with the collared device, with around 90% of the fracture surface being due to a fatigue mechanism. In order to assess the impact of the material's microstructure on its mechanical properties, two heat treatments, yielding a fine and a coarse microstructure, respectively, were performed on a 14 mm diameter bar. The notch effect on fatigue strength was evaluated by comparison of the results of polished specimens and specimens having a notch whose geometry produced a similar stress concentration factor to that which caused the fracture in the implant. It is shown that irrespective of the material's microstructure, a notch greatly reduces the fatigue strength of this material. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2006.11.003
issn: 1350-6307
Appears in Collections:(CENIM) Artículos
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