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Chalicogloea cavernicola gen. nov., sp. nov.(chroococcales, cyanobacteria), from low-lightaerophytic environments: Combined molecular,phenotypic and ecological criteria

AuthorsRoldán, M.; Ramírez, M.; Campo, Javier del ; Hernández-Mariné, M.; Komárek, J.
Issue Date23-Nov-2013
PublisherSociety for General Microbiology
CitationInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(6): 2326-2333 (2013)
AbstractThis work characterizes a unicellular cyanobacterium with nearly spherical cells and thin-outlined sheaths that divide irregularly, forming small packets immersed in a diffluent mucilaginous layer. It was isolated growing on calcite speleothems and walls in a show cave in Collbató (Barcelona, Spain). Spectral confocal laser and transmission electron microscopy were used to describe the morphology, fine structure and thylakoid arrangement. The pigments identified were phycoerythrin, phycocyanin, allophycocyanin and chlorophyll a. Three-dimensional reconstructions, generated from natural fluorescence z-stacks, revealed a large surface area of nearly flat, arm-like thylakoidal membranes connected to each other and forming a unified structure in a way that, to our knowledge, has never been described before. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed 95% similarity to strain Chroococcus sp. JJCM (GenBank accession no. AM710384). The diacritical phenotypic features do not correspond to any species currently described, and the genetic traits support the strain being classified as the first member of an independent genus in the order Chroococcales and the family Chroococcaceae. Hence, we propose the name Chalicogloea cavernicola gen. nov., sp. nov. under the provisions of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants. The type strain of Chalicogloea cavernicola is COLL 3T (5CCALA 975T 5CCAP 1424/1T). © 2013 IUMS.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.045468-0
Identifiersdoi: 10.1099/ijs.0.045468-0
issn: 1466-5026
e-issn: 1466-5034
Appears in Collections:(IBE) Artículos
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