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Monolignol acylation and lignin structure in non-woody plants: A 2D-NMR study.

AuthorsMartínez, Ángel T. ; Rencoret, Jorge ; Marques, Gisela ; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana ; Ibarra, David ; Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús ; Río Andrade, José Carlos del
KeywordsNonwoody plants
Issue Date26-Aug-2008
Citation10th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp, Stockholm, Sweden, 26-29 August, pp. 324-327.
Abstract2D NMR revealed a correspondence between the molecular structure of lignins and their degree of acylation in several nonwoody angiosperms characterized by different lignin acylation types (acetate and/or p-coumarate esters) and extents (up to more that 90% of units). Some of the lignin substructures identified showed that acylation is produced at the monolignol level. Direct evidence was also provided by GC-MS identification of γ-acetylated sinapyl alcohol among plant extractives. Taking the above findings together, it is proposed that some angiosperms could use monolignol acylation as a mechanism to regulate the structure of lignin. In this way, acylation would result in lower presence of resinols and other β-β' interunit linkages in S-rich lignins, promoting formation of a highly-etherified (β-O-4' linked) and more labile lignin polymer. In contrast, low (or null) acylation would result in lignins with higher content of C-C interunit linkages, that will be more recalcitrant towards chemical and/or biological degradation.
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Comunicaciones congresos
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