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ACE4k: An analog I/O 64×64 visual microprocessor chip with 7-bit analog accuracy

AutorLiñán-Cembrano, G. ; Espejo-Meana, S. ; Domínguez-Castro, R. ; Rodríguez-Vázquez, Ángel
Fecha de publicación2002
EditorWiley-Blackwell
CitaciónInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications 30(2-3): 89-116 (2002)
ResumenThis paper describes a full-custom mixed-signal chip which embeds distributed optical signal acquisition, digitally-programmable analog parallel processing, and distributed image memory cache on a common silicon substrate. This chip, designed in a 0.5 μm standard CMOS technology contains around 1.000.000 transistors, of which operate in analog mode; it is hence one the most complex mixed-signal chip reported to now. Chip functional features are: local interactions, spatial-invariant array architecture; programmable local interactions among cells; randomly-selectable memory of instructions (elementary instructions are defined by specific values of the cell local interactions); random storage/retrieval of intermediate images; capability to complete algorithmic image processing tasks controlled by the user-selected stored instructions and interacting with the cache memory, etc. Thus, as illustrated in this paper, the chip is capable to complete complex spatio-temporal image processing tasks within short computation time (< 300 ns for linear convolutions) and using a low power budget (< 1.2 W for the complete chip). The internal circuitry of the chip has been designed to operate in robust manner with > 7-bits equivalent accuracy in the internal analog operations, which has been confirmed by experimental measurements. Such 7-bits accuracy is enough for most image processing applications. ACE4k has been demonstrated capable to implement up to 30 templateσ-either directly or through template decomposition. This means the 100% of the 3 × 3 linear templates reported in Roska et al. 1998, [1]. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/85181
DOI10.1002/cta.191
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/cta.191
issn: 0098-9886
e-issn: 1097-007X
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