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Título

Critical depth relationships in developing open-channel flow

AutorCastro-Orgaz, Óscar ; Giráldez, Juan Vicente ; Ayuso, José Luis
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2010
EditorAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
CitaciónJournal of Hydraulic Engineering 136(3): 175-178 (2010)
ResumenDoubts have been expressed about the validity of the critical depth defined in terms of the minimum specific energy head of the free-surface streamline when dealing with developing open-channel flows. This note examines the two approaches for defining critical flow, that based on the minimum specific energy of the free-surface streamline and that based on the mean energy head of the whole flow section. Large differences for the dimensionless critical depths are obtained with the two methods due to each critical depth proving to be a different control point on the free-surface profile. It is argued that both methods are different alternatives, although the critical depth concept was different in each case. Theoretical support to critical flow computations based on the free streamline is provided. An alternative approach for computing the discharge characteristics of broad-crested weirs based on the energy loss inside the boundary layer is also proposed. © 2010 ASCE.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/85066
DOI10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000142
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000142
issn: 0733-9429
e-issn: 1943-7900
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