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Dissolved organic matter cycling in the confluence of the Atlantic and Indian oceans south of Africa

AuthorsGuerrero-Feijóo, E.; Nieto-Cid, Mar ; Álvarez, M.; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón
KeywordsOptimum multiparameter analysis (OMP)
Apparent oxygen utilization (AOU)
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC)
Southern Ocean
Issue Date2014
CitationDeep Sea Research - Part I - Oceanographic Research Papers 83: 12-23 (2014)
AbstractThe boundary between the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean is a key spot of the thermohaline circulation, where the following water masses mix up: Indian Central water (ICW), South Atlantic Central Water (SACW), Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW), Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW), North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW), Weddell Sea Deep Water (WSDW) and Antarctic Winter Water (WW). An optimum multiparameter analysis based on the distributions of potential temperature, salinity, NO (=O2+9.3×NO3) and silicate during the GoodHope 2004 (GH04) cruise allowed us to (i) define the realms of these water masses; (ii) obtain the water mass proportion weighted-average (archetypal) apparent oxygen utilization (AOU) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations of each water mass; and (iii) estimate the contribution of DOC to the oxygen demand of the study area. WW represented only 5.2% of the water volume sampled during GH04, followed by WSDW with 10.8%, NADW with 12.7%, SACW with 15.3%, AAIW with 23.1% and CDW with 32.8%. The distributions of DOC and AOU were mainly explained by the mixing of archetypal concentrations of these variables, 75±5% and 65±3% respectively, which retained the variability due to the basin-scale mineralization from the formation area to the barycentre of each water mass along the GH04 line. DOC accounted for 26±2% and 12±5% of the oxygen demand of the meso- and bathypelagic ocean, respectively. Conversely, local mineralization processes, retained by the residuals of the archetypal concentrations of DOC and AOU, did not contribute to improve significantly the mixing model of DOC.
Description12 páginas, 5 figuras, 4 tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2013.08.008
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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