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A fertile amphiploid between durum wheat (Triticum turgidurn) and the x Agroticum amphiploid (Agropyron cristatum x T. tauschii)

AuthorsSoliman, Mahmoud H.; Rubiales, Diego ; Cabrera, Adoración
Issue DateDec-2001
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationHereditas 135(2-3): 183-186 (2001)
AbstractAgropyron (Gaertn) is a genus of Triticeae which includes the crested wheatgrass complex, i.e. A. cristatum (L.) as representative species containing the P genome. This species is an important source for increase the genetic variability of both durum and bread wheat. Among the possible interesting features to be introgressed into wheat are resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus, rust diseases, and tolerance to drought, cold and moderate salinity. By crossing tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum conv durum, 2n =4x =28; AABB) with a fertile allotetraploid (2n=4x =28; DDPP) between diploid wheat (T. tauschii) and crested wheatgrass (A. cristatum L.), amphiploid plants were obtained. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using both genomic DNA from A. cristatum and the repetitive probe pAsl, proved that the plants were true amphiploids with a chromosome number 2n = 8x = 56 and genomic constitution AABBDDPP. Using total genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) to study meiotic metaphase I, data on allosyndetic and autosyndetic chromosome pairing were obtained. The amphiploids were perennial like the male parent but their morphology was close to that of the wheat parent. They were resistant to wheat leaf rust and powdery mildew under field conditions.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.2001.00183.x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1601-5223.2001.00183.x
issn: 0018-0661
e-issn: 1601-5223
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Artículos
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