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Characterization and tissue distribution of polyphenol oxidase from deepwater pink shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris).

AuthorsZamorano, Jaime; Martínez Alvarez, Oscar; Montero García, Pilar ; Gómez Guillén, M. C.
Issue Date2009
CitationFood Chemistry 112: 104- 111 (2009)
AbstractCharacterisation and tissue distribution of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was studied in deepwater pink shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris) post mortem. PPO activity was the highest in the carapace, followed by that in the abdomen exoskeleton, cephalotorax, pleopods and telson. No PPO activity was found in the abdomen muscle and in the pereopods and maxillipeds using the enzymatic assay. Storage of whole shrimps and of the different organs showed that melanosis (blackening) required the presence of the cephalotorax to be initiated, indicating that its development depends on other factors in addition to the PPO levels. Further characterisation was carried out in extracts partly purified using 40¿70% ammonium sulfate fractionation. The enzyme had the highest activity at pH 4.5 and was most stable at pH 4.5 and 9.0. No clear maximum was observed in the 15¿60 C range but the higher stability was achieved at 30¿35 C. Apparent kinetic constants in the partly purified PPO from carapace were KM = 1.85 mM and Vmax = 38.5 U/mg of protein, pointing to a high affinity and reactivity of the enzyme when assayed with DOPA. Electrophoretic mobility was studied in native PAGE and non-reducing SDS¿PAGE followed by staining with DOPA. Approximate MW of 500 kDa and 200 kDa were observed, respectively. These two forms could correspond to aggregates of minor PPO subunits that could not be resolved in these electrophoretic systems. The peptide mass fingerprinting obtained by MALDI-TOF analysis showed some peptides whose homology with hemocyanins and different PPO subunit precursors has already been demonstrated in the same species.
Identifiersissn: 0308-8146
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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