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A reliable analytical approach based on gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole and time-of-flight mass analyzers for the determination and confirmation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in complex matrices from aquaculture activities

AuthorsNácher-Mestre, Jaime; Serrano, Roque; Portolés-Nicolau, Tania; Hernández Hernández, Félix; Benedito-Palos, Laura ; Pérez-Sánchez, Jaume
Issue Date2009
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 23(13): 2075-2086 (2009)
AbstractThe potential of gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) with a triple quadrupole analyzer (QqQ) has been investigated for the quantification and reliable identification of sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the EPA priority list in animal and vegetable samples from aquaculture activities, whose fat content ranged from 5 to 100%. Matrices analyzed included fish fillet, fish feed, fish oil and linseed oil. Combining optimized saponification and solid-phase extraction led to high efficiency in the elimination of interfering compounds, mainly fat, from the extracts. The developed procedure minimized the presence of these interfering compounds in the extracts and provided satisfactory recoveries of PAHs. The excellent sensitivity and selectivity of GC/(QqQ)MS/MS in selected reaction monitoring (SRM) allowed to reach limits of detection at pg/g levels. Two SRM transitions were acquired for each analyte to ensure reliable identification of compounds detected in samples. Confirmation of positive findings was performed by GC coupled to high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC/TOFMS). The accurate mass information provided by GC/TOFMS in full acquisition mode together with its high mass resolution makes it a powerful analytical tool for the unequivocal confirmation of PAHs in the matrices tested. The method developed was applied to the analysis of real-world samples of each matrix studied with the result of detecting and confirming the majority of analytes at the μg/kg level by both QqQ and TOF mass spectrometers. © 2009 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/rcm.4120
issn: 0951-4198
e-issn: 1097-0231
Appears in Collections:(IATS) Artículos
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