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Dietary oils mediate cortisol kinetics and the hepatic mRNA expression profile of stress-responsive genes in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) exposed to crowding stress. Implications on energy homeostasis and stress susceptibility

AuthorsPérez-Sánchez, Jaume ; Borrel-Roda, Miriam ; Bermejo-Nogales, Azucena ; Benedito-Palos, Laura ; Saera-Vila, Alfonso ; Calduch-Giner, Josep A. ; Kaushik, Sadasivam
Issue Date2013
CitationComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics 8(2): 123-130 (2013)
AbstractJuveniles of gilthead sea bream were fed with plant protein-based diets with fish oil (FO diet) or vegetable oils (66VO diet) as dietary lipid sources. No differences in growth performance were found between both groups, and fish with an average body mass of 65-70 g were crowded (90-100 kg/m(3)) to assess the stress response within the 72 h after the onset of stressor. The rise in plasma cortisol and glucose levels was higher in stressed fish of group 66VO (66VO-S) than in FO group (FO-S), but the former stressed group regained more quickly the cortisol resting values of the corresponding non-stressed diet group. The cell-tissue repair response represented by derlin-1,75 kDa glucose-regulated protein and 170 kDa glucose-regulated protein was triggered at a lower level in 66VO-S than in FO-S fish. This occurred in concert with a long-lasting up-regulation of glucocorticoid receptors, antioxidant enzymes, enzyme subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and enzymes involved in tissue fatty add uptake and beta-oxidation. This gene expression pattern allows a metabolic phenotype that is prone to >high power> mitochondria, which would support the replacement of fish oil with vegetable oils when theoretical requirements in essential fatty acids for normal growth are met by diet. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbd.2013.02.001
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.cbd.2013.02.001
issn: 1744-117X
Appears in Collections:(IATS) Artículos
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