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Impact of the Local Oscillator Calibration Rate on the SMOS Measurements and Retrieved Salinities

AuthorsGabarró, Carolina ; González, Verónica ; Corbella, I.; Torres, F.; Martínez, Justino ; Portabella, Marcos ; Font, Jordi
Sea measurements
Temperature measurement
Thermal noise
Brightness temperature
Microwave imaging radiometer by aperture synthesis
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity
Issue DateFeb-2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 51(9): 4633-4642 (2013)
AbstractThe local oscillators (LOs) of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission payload are used to shift the operating frequency of the 72 receivers to an optimal intermediate frequency needed for the signal processing. The LO temperature variations produce phase errors in the visibility, which result in a blurring of the reconstructed brightness temperature (Tb) image. At the end of the commissioning phase, it was decided to calibrate the LO every 10 min while waiting for a more in-depth analysis. During short periods of time, the LO calibration has been performed every 2 min to assess the impact of a higher calibration rate on the quality of the data. In this paper, by means of a decimation experiment, the relative errors of 6- and 10-min calibration interval data sets are estimated using the 2 min as a reference. A noticeable systematic across- and along-track pattern of amplitude $pm$0.3 K is observed for Tb differences between 10 and 2 min, whereas this is reduced between 6 and 2 min. A simulation experiment confirms that the nature of such systematic pattern is due to the visibility phase errors induced by the LO calibration rate. Such pattern is propagated into the sea surface salinity (SSS) retrievals. Overall, the SSS error increase (relative to the 2 min SSS data) is about 0.39 and 0.14 psu for the 10- and 6-min data sets, respectively. This paper shows that a LO calibration rate of at least 6 min would noticeably improve the SSS retrievals.
Description10 páginas, 14 figuras, 1 tabla.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2012.2233744
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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