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Genetic profiling of epithelial cells expressing E-cadherin repressors reveals a distinct role for snail, Slug, and E47 Factors in epithelial- mesenchymal transition

AuthorsMoreno-Bueno, Gema ; Cubillo, Eva ; Sarrió, David ; Peinado, Héctor; Villa, Sonia; Bolós, Victoria; Fabra, Àngels; Portillo, Francisco ; Palacios, José; Cano, Amparo
Issue Date2006
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research
CitationCancer Research 66: 9543- 9556 (2006)
AbstractThe transcription factors Snail, Slug, and bHLH E47 have been recently described as direct repressors of E-cadherin and inducers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and invasion when overexpressed in epithelial cells. Although a role of those factors in tumor progression and invasion has been proposed, whether the different repressors play distinct or redundant roles in the tumorigenic process has not been established. To further investigate this important issue, we have analyzed the gene expression profiling of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells expressing the different repressors (MDCK-Snail, MDCK-Slug, and MDCK-E47 cells) versus control MDCK cells by cDNA microarrays. A total of 243 clones (228 genes and 15 expressed sequence tags) were found to be differentially expressed between either of the three MDCK-derived cell lines and control MDCK cells. Twenty two of the candidate genes were validated by Northern blot, Western blot, immunofluorescence, and promoter analyses in cell lines and by immunohistochemistry in xenografted tumors. Gene clustering analysis indicated that about a third of the 243 candidate genes were common to MDCK cells expressing Snail, Slug, or E47 factors, whereas the rest of the genes were regulated in only one or two cell types. Differentially regulated genes include those related to EMT (45 genes), transcriptional regulation (IS genes), cell proliferation and signaling (54 genes), apoptosis (12 genes), and angiogenesis (9 genes). These results indicate that Snail, Slug, and E47 transcription factors induce common and specific genetic programs, supporting a differential role of the factors in tumor progression and invasion. ©2006 American Association for Cancer Research.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-0479
issn: 0008-5472
e-issn: 1538-7445
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