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Proteasome dynamics during cell cycle in rat Schwann cells

AuthorsLafarga, Miguel; Mayo, Isabel; Berciano, María T.; Castaño, José G.
Issue Date2002
CitationGlia 38(4): 313-328 (2002)
AbstractThe proteasome is responsible for most of the protein degradation that takes place in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Immunofluorescence and electron microscopy are used to study proteasome dynamics during the cell cycle in rat Schwann cells. During interphase, the proteasome is present in the nucleus and cytoplasm and shows no colocalization with cytoskeletal components. Some cytoplasmic proteasomes always localize in the centrosome both in interphase and in mitotic cells and only associate with microtubules during mitosis. The proteasome exits the nucleus during prophase. In anaphase, the proteasome becomes prominent in the region between the two sets of migrating chromosomes and in association with interzonal microtubules and stem bodies. In telophase, the proteasome begins to reenter the nucleus and is prominent in the midbody region until the end of cytokinesis. The proteasome does not colocalize with actin or vimentin during mitosis, except for colocalization with actin in the sheet-like lamellipodia, which serve as substrate attachments for the cell during mitosis. During S phase, nuclear proteasomes colocalize with foci of BrdU incorporation, but this association changes with time: maximal at early S phase and declining as S phase progresses to the end. These results are discussed in relation to the biochemical pathways involved in cell cycle progression. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/glia.10075
issn: 0894-1491
e-issn: 1098-1136
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