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Dating of the hominid (Homo Neanderthalensis) remains accumulation from El Sidrón cave (piloña, Asturias, North Spain): an example of a multi-methodological approach to the dating of upper pleistocene sites

AuthorsTorres, Trinidad José de; Julià Brugués, Ramón ; Soler, Vicente ; Sánchez Moral, Sergio ; Lalueza-Fox, Carles ; Rosas, Antonio ; Fortea, Javier
Issue DateAug-2010
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationArchaeometry 52(4): 680-705 (2010)
AbstractThe age of Neanderthal remains and associated sediments from El Sidrón cave has been obtained through different dating methods (14CAMS, U/TH, OSL, ESR and AAR) and samples (charcoal debris, bone, tooth dentine, stalagmitic flowstone, carbonate-rich sediments, sedimentary quartz grains, tooth enamel and land snail shells). Detrital Th contamination rendered Th/U dating analyses of flowstone unreliable. Recent 14C contamination produced spurious age-values from charcoal samples as well as from inadequately pretreated tooth samples. Most consistent 14C dates are grouped into two series: one between 35 and 40 ka and the other between 48 and 49 ka. Most ESR and AAR samples yielded concordant ages, ranging between 39 and 45 ka; OSL dating results permitted adequate bracketing of the sedimentary layer that contained the human remains. Our results emphasize the value of multi-dating approaches for the establishment of reliable chronologies of human remains. © University of Oxford, 2009.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2009.00491.x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2009.00491.x
issn: 0003-813X
e-issn: 1475-4754
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