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Effect of modified starch concentration and freezing and thawing rates on properties of mashed potatoes (cv. Kennebec)

AuthorsÁlvarez, M. Dolores ; Canet, Wenceslao ; Fernández, Cristina
Issue Date2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 87: 1108- 1122 (2007)
AbstractEffects of modified cornstarch concentration, freezing rate and thawing mode on quality properties of mashed potatoes were examined. The product was tested by oscillatory rheometry, instrumental texture profile analysis (ITPA) and cone penetration, colour, dry matter (DM) and sensory analyses. Oscillatory parameters showed that increasing starch concentration resulted in a softer product in which gel strength decreased in direct proportion to concentration in quick-frozen and microwave-thawed product. Quick freezing made for firmer mashed potatoes, whereas oscillatory, ITPA and penetration parameters were lower in the samples thawed at 4°C Starch concentration and instrumental consistency and firmness were directly proportional to one another. Adding starch at the highest concentration, quick freezing and slow thawing produced a lighter-coloured mashed potato, although the loss of colour in the processed product was not detected by panellists in the microwave-thawed samples. DM was higher in the quick-frozen samples and lower in air-thawed samples. The factors studied affected different sensory texture parameters but had hardly any effect on attributes perceived during final and residual phases of mastication. Only starch concentration had a significant effect on sensory acceptability, but interactions between factors showed that starch addition followed by quick freezing was judged undesirable by the panellists due to excessive softening. Oscillatory parameters correlated well with sensory texture attributes and proved quite precise. They would therefore appear to be the best test to monitor properties of frozen mashed potatoes. © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/jsfa.2821
issn: 0022-5142
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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