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Diversity and physiology of polyhydroxyalkanoate-producing and -degrading strains in microbial mats

AuthorsVillanueva, Laura; Campo, Javier del ; Guerrero, Ricardo
Microbial mat
Issue DateOct-2010
PublisherFederation of European Microbiological Societies
CitationFEMS Microbiology Ecology 74(1): 42-54 (2010)
AbstractPhotosynthetic microbial mats are sources of microbial diversity and physiological strategies that reflect the physical and metabolic interactions between their resident species. This study focused on the diversity and activity of polyhydroxyalkanoate-producing and -degrading bacteria and their close partnership with cyanobacteria in an estuarine and a hypersaline microbial mat. The aerobic heterotrophic population was characterized on the basis of lipid biomarkers (respiratory quinones, sphingoid bases), polyhydroxyalkanoate determination, biochemical analysis of the isolates, and interaction assays. Most of the polyhydroxyalkanoate-producing isolates obtained from an estuarine mat belonged to the Halomonas and Labrenzia genera, while species of Sphingomonas and Bacillus were more prevalent in the hypersaline mat. Besides, the characterization of heterotrophic bacteria coisolated with filamentous cyanobacteria after selection suggested a specific association between them and diversification of the heterotrophic partner belonging to the Halomonas genus. Preliminary experiments suggested that syntrophic associations between strains of the Pseudoalteromonas and Halomonas genera explain the dynamics of polyhydroxyalkanoate accumulation in some microbial mats. These metabolic interactions and the diversity of the bacteria that participate in them are most likely supported by the strong mutual dependence of the partners
Description13 pages, 2 figures, 5 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2010.00928.x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2010.00928.x
issn: 0168-6496
e-issn: 1574-6941
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