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dc.contributor.authorFerraguti, Martina-
dc.contributor.authorMartínez de la Puente, Josué-
dc.contributor.authorMuñoz, Joaquín-
dc.contributor.authorRoiz, David-
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Santiago-
dc.contributor.authorSoriguer, Ramón C.-
dc.contributor.authorFiguerola, Jordi-
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-20T07:19:50Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-20T07:19:50Z-
dc.date.issued2013-06-
dc.identifier.citationPLoS ONE, 8(6): e66237 (2013)es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/78331-
dc.description.abstractHaemosporidians, a group of vector-borne parasites that include Plasmodium, infect vertebrates including birds. Although mosquitoes are crucial elements in the transmission of avian malaria parasites, little is known of their ecology as vectors. We examined the presence of Plasmodium and Haemoproteus lineages in five mosquito species belonging to the genera Culex and Ochlerotatus to test for the effect of vector species, season and host-feeding source on the transmission dynamics of these pathogens. We analyzed 166 blood-fed individually and 5,579 unfed mosquitoes (grouped in 197 pools) from a locality in southern Spain. In all, 15 Plasmodium and two Haemoproteus lineages were identified on the basis of a fragment of 478 bp of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Infection prevalence of blood parasites in unfed mosquitoes varied between species (range: 0–3.2%) and seasons. The feeding source was identified in 91 mosquitoes where 78% were identified as bird. We found that i) several Plasmodium lineages are shared among different Culex species and one Plasmodium lineage is shared between Culex and Ochlerotatus genera; ii) mosquitoes harboured Haemoproteus parasites; iii) pools of unfed females of mostly ornithophilic Culex species had a higher Plasmodium prevalence than the only mammophylic Culex species studied. However, the mammophylic Ochlerotatus caspius had in pool samples the greatest Plasmodium prevalence. This relative high prevalence may be determined by inter-specific differences in vector survival, susceptibility to infection but also the possibility that this species feeds on birds more frequently than previously thought. Finally, iv) infection rate of mosquitoes varies between seasons and reaches its maximum prevalence during autumn and minimum prevalence in springes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencees_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/261391-
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/261504-
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s version-
dc.rightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.titleAvian Plasmodium in Culex and Ochlerotatus Mosquitoes from Southern Spain: Effects of Season and Host-Feeding Source on Parasite Dynamicses_ES
dc.typeartículoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0066237-
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066237es_ES
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