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Title

A bile-inducible membrane protein mediates bifidobacterial bile resistance

AuthorsRuíz García, Lorena ; O'Connell-Motherway, Mary; Zomer, Aldert; González de los Reyes-Gavilán, Clara ; Margolles Barros, Abelardo ; Van Sinderen, Douwe
Issue DateJul-2012
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
CitationMicrobial Biotechnology 5(4): 523- 535 (2012)
AbstractBbr_0838 from Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 is predicted to encode a 683 residue membrane protein, containing both a permease domain that displays similarity to transporters belonging to the major facilitator superfamily, as well as a CBS (cystathionine beta synthase) domain. The high level of similarity to bile efflux pumps from other bifidobacteria suggests a significant and general role for Bbr_0838 in bile tolerance. Bbr_0838 transcription was shown to be monocistronic and strongly induced upon exposure to bile. Further analysis delineated the transcriptional start site and the minimal region required for promoter activity and bile regulation. Insertional inactivation of Bbr_0838 in B.breve UCC2003 resulted in a strain, UCC2003:838 800, which exhibited reduced survival upon cholate exposure as compared with the parent strain, a phenotype that was reversed when a functional, plasmid-encoded Bbr_0838 gene was introduced into UCC2003:838 800. Transcriptome analysis of UCC2003:838 800 grown in the presence or absence of bile demonstrated that transcription of Bbr_0832, which is predicted to encode a macrolide efflux transporter gene, was significantly increased in the presence of bile, representing a likely compensatory mechanism for bile removal in the absence of Bbr_0838. This study represents the first in-depth analysis of a bile-inducible locus in bifidobacteria, identifying a key gene relevant for bifidobacterial bile tolerance. © 2012 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology © 2012 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/78115
DOI10.1111/j.1751-7915.2011.00329.x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1751-7915.2011.00329.x
issn: 1751-7907
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