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Combination of suboptimal doses of inhibitors targeting different domains of LtrMDR1 efficiently overcomes resistance of Leishmania spp. to miltefosine by inhibiting drug efflux

AuthorsPérez-Victoria, J. M.; Cortés-Selva, F.; Parodi-Talice, Adriana; Bavchvarov, B. I.; Pérez-Victoria, F. J.; Muñoz-Martínez, F.; Maitrejean, M.; Costi, M. P.; Barron, D.; Di Pietro, A.; Castanys, Santiago; Gamarro, Francisco
Issue Date2006
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 50: 3102- 3110 (2006)
AbstractMiltefosine (hexadecylphosphocholine) is the first orally active drug approved for the treatment of leishmaniasis. We have previously shown the involvement of LtrMDR1, a P-glycoprotein-like transporter belonging to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, in miltefosine resistance in Leishmania. Here we show that overexpression of LtrMDR1 increases miltefosine efflux, leading to a decrease in drug accumulation in the parasites. Although LtrMDR1 modulation might be an efficient way to overcome this resistance, a main drawback associated with the use of P-glycoprotein inhibitors is related to their intrinsic toxicity. In order to diminish possible side effects, we have combined suboptimal doses of modulators targeting both the cytosolic and transmembrane domains of LtrMDRl. Preliminary structure-activity relationships have allowed us to design a new and potent flavonoid derivative with high affinity for the cytosolic nucleotide-binding domains. As modulators directed to the transmembrane domains, we have selected one of the most potent dihydro-β-agarofuran sesquiterpenes described, and we have also studied the effects of two of the most promising, latest-developed modulators of human P-glycoprotein, zosuquidar (LY335979) and elacridar (GF120918). The results show that this combinatorial strategy efficiently overcomes P-glycoprotein-mediated parasite miltefosine resistance by increasing intracellular miltefosine accumulation without any side effect in the parental, sensitive, Leishmania line and in different mammalian cell lines. Copyright © 2006, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1128/AAC.00423-06
issn: 0066-4804
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