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Aluminum solubility in TiO 2 rutile at high pressure and experimental evidence for a CaCl 2-structured polymorph

AuthorsEscudero, A. ; Langenhorst, Falko; Müller, Wolfgang F.
Issue Date2012
PublisherMineralogical Society of America
CitationAmerican Mineralogist 97: 1075- 1082 (2012)
AbstractAluminum incorporation into TiO 2 has been studied in the TiO 2-Al 2O 3 system as a function of pressure at temperatures of 900 and 1300 °C using commercial Al 2TiO 5 nanopowder as starting material. A new orthorhombic TiO 2 polymorph with the CaCl 2 structure has been observed in the recovered samples synthesized from 4.5 to 7 GPa and 900 °C and from 2.5 to 7 GPa at 1300 °C. The phase transition to the α-PbO 2 type TiO 2 phase takes place between 7 and 10 GPa at both temperatures. Two mechanisms of Al incorporation in TiO 2 rutile have been observed in the recovered samples. The substitution of Ti 4+ by Al 3+ on normal octahedral sites is dominant at lower pressures. High pressure induces the incorporation of Al 3+ into octahedral interstices of the rutile structure, which is responsible for an orthorhombic distortion of the TiO 2 rutile structure and gives rise to a (110) twinned CaCl 2 type structure. This phase is probably a result of temperature quench at high pressure. Aluminum solubility in TiO 2 increases with increasing pressure. TiO 2 is able to accommodate up to 9.8 wt% Al 2O 3 at 7 GPa and 1300 °C. Temperature has a large effect on the aluminum incorporation in TiO 2, especially at higher pressures. High pressure has a strong effect on both the chemistry and the microstructure of Al-doped TiO 2. Enhanced aluminum concentration in TiO 2 rutile as well as TiO 2 grains with a microstructure consisting of twins are a clear indication of high-pressure conditions.
Identifiersdoi: 10.2138/am.2012.4049
issn: 0003-004X
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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