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Effect of anion concentrations on Hg2+ reduction from simulated desulphurization aqueous solutions

AuthorsOchoa González, Raquel ; Díaz Somoano, Mercedes ; Martínez Tarazona, María Rosa
Hg2+ reduction
Mercury capture
Desulphurization solutions
Issue Date1-Jan-2013
CitationChemical Engineering Journal 214: 165-171 (2013)
Abstract[EN] The influence of different anions on the stability of mercury in absorbing solutions containing sulphite ions was investigated. The re-emission of gaseous mercury in the presence of fluoride, chloride, bromide, nitrate, carbonate and sulphate ions from the scrubbing solution was determined. Fluoride, chloride and bromide ions contribute to mercury stabilization, bromide being the most efficient anion for retaining mercury in sulphite aqueous solutions. High carbonate concentrations prevent the reduction of mercury by sulphite ions due to the stabilization of the complexes formed between oxidised mercury, hydroxide and sulphite ions or through the formation of mercury carbonate species. However, nitrate and sulphate ions do not influence the equilibrium between mercury and sulphite ions and, as a consequence, the re-emission of mercury is not modified. The results of this study suggest that the pH is one of the most important parameters for achieving an efficient control of mercury pollution in desulphurization systems. The re-emission of mercury was observed to increase when the pH value of the slurries was higher than six due to the stabilization of the mercury in the form of View the MathML sourceHg(SO3)22-, Hg(OH)+, Hg(OH)2, View the MathML sourceHgHCO3+, HgCO3 or View the MathML sourceHg(CO3)22-. Since the pH depends on the concentration of SO2 in the flue gas and the type of limestone, the alkalinity that comes from the sorbent used in the scrubber may play an important role in mercury capture in such systems.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.037
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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