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Understanding magnetic interactions in the series A2FeX5·H2O (A=K, Rb; X=Cl, Br). I. Spin densities by polarized neutron diffraction and DFT calculations

AuthorsLuzón, Javier; Campo, Javier; Palacio, Fernando; McIntyre, G. J.; Millán, Ángel
Issue Date11-Aug-2008
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationPhys. Rev. B, 78, 054414 (2008)
AbstractThe compounds A2FeX5·H2O A=alkali or NH4; X=Cl, Br form a series of collinear antiferromagnets with transition temperatures in the range from 6 to 23 K. These ordering temperatures are much higher than in other hydrated salts of transition-metal ions with similar distances between magnetic ions. Spin-density distributions have been determined in Rb2FeBr5·H2O and K2FeCl5·H2O by means of the polarized-neutron-diffraction technique and ab initio calculations in order to elucidate the mechanism of such enhancement. The results show a large spin-density delocalization toward the ligand atoms, which explains the efficiency of the superexchange pathways in transmitting the magnetic interaction.
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