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Comparison of different aminoglycoside antibiotic treatments to refine ototoxicity studies in adult mice

AuthorsMurillo-Cuesta, Silvia ; Contreras, Julio ; Cediel, Rafael ; Varela-Nieto, Isabel
Issue Date2010
PublisherSage Publications
CitationLaboratory Animals 44(2): 124-131 (2010)
AbstractHearing and balance receptors in the inner ear are highly susceptible to damage caused by a wide variety of toxic substances, including aminoglycosides. This class of antibiotics is commonly used in medicine, even though they may produce irreversible bilateral neurosensorial deafness. To identify potential ototoxic agents and novel therapeutic targets, it is necessary to generate standardized animal models of aminoglycoside ototoxicity, which will also serve to explore otic cell repair and regeneration. Although the mouse is the species most often used in biomedical research, due to the genetic information and genetically-modified strains available, there are few standard models of aminoglycoside ototoxicity in adult mice. Most protocols to produce ototoxicity in adult mice employ high doses of aminoglycosides for long periods of time, which causes systemic toxicity, side-effects and high mortality rates. Here, we compare the effects of systemic treatment with four different, yet common, aminoglycoside antibiotics in two mouse strains, evaluating their effects on mortality, cochlear morphology and auditory brainstem responses. Our data indicate that gentamicin and neomycin caused high mortality in the adult mouse without significantly changing the auditory threshold. Amikacin produced a tolerable rate of mortality but at doses that did not exhibit ototoxicity. Finally, intramuscular injection of kanamycin in C57BL/6JOlaHsd mice induced significant dosedependent bilateral hearing loss with a moderate rate of mortality and less discomfort than following subcutaneous administration.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1258/la.2009.009046
issn: 0023-6772
e-issn: 1758-1117
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