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Contrasting effects of heavy metals on sponge cell behavior.

AuthorsCebrian, Emma ; Uriz, María Jesús
KeywordsHeavy metals
Sublethal effects
Sponge cells
Issue DateNov-2007
CitationArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 53(4) : 552-558 (2007)
AbstractMediterranean coastal areas are highly contaminated by heavy metals, which have been reported to produce harmful effects in marine organisms. Sponges are particularly vulnerable to waterborne metals because they are able to process large amounts of water. Dissociated sponge cells can move in response to external stimuli, and the cell body changes shape through production of pseudopodia and phylopodia. We studied for first time the effects of heavy metals (cadmium copper and mercury) on motility and aggregation of isolated sponge cells. Cell shape was assessed by using several shape indices. The three metals studied induced changes of different sign on cell shape. Mercury arrested movement of sponge cells, which tended to be rounded, without pseudopodia. In contrast, moderate concentrations of copper and cadmium enhanced pseudopodia formation and cell motility. On the other hand, the three metals enhanced cell aggregation at the concentrations assayed. Our results show that sponge cells respond to metal pollution in different ways and that these responses can be assessed by calculating several shape indices
Description7 páginas,6 figuras, 1 tabla.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-006-0257-2
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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