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Effects of 14-methoxymetopon, a potent opioid agonist, on the responses to the tail electric stimulation test and plus-maze activity in male rats: Neuroendocrine correlates

AuthorsUrigüen, Leyre; Fernández, Beatriz; Romero, Eva María; Pedro, Nuria de; Delgado, M. J.; Guaza, Carmen ; Schmidhammer, Helmut; Viveros, M. Paz
Issue Date2002
CitationBrain Research Bulletin 57: 661-666 (2002)
AbstractWe have studied the effects of 14-methoxymetopon (HS 198), a potent opioid agonist, on the responses to the tail electric stimulation test and plus-maze activity of adult male rats. The prototype μ agonist morphine was used as the drug of reference. Besides we addressed the effects of HS 198 on the serum corticosterone levels and on serotonergic systems of discrete brain regions. Both drugs were administered subcutaneously. Morphine (5 mg/kg) and HS 198 (30 μg/kg) induced a similar effect on the nociceptive test, with both drugs significantly increasing the threshold for the vocalization afterdischarge, which is related to the emotional component of pain. In the plus-maze, morphine (5 mg/kg) and HS 198 (20 and 30 μg/kg) induced similar increases in the percentages of entries and time in the open arms, two parameters related to the anxiety state of the animals. The results indicate that HS 198 is far more potent than morphine in reducing the emotive/affective component of pain and in inducing an anxiolytic effect. HS 198 (30 μg/kg) also induced parallel increases in the serum corticosterone levels and the hypothalamic serotonin content. A possible correlation between the anxiolytic action of the drug and its effect on the hypothalamic serotonergic system is suggested. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0361-9230(01)00760-2
issn: 0361-9230
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