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Feeding behavior and differential absorption of biochemical components by the infaunal bivalve Mulinia edulis and the epibenthic Mytilus chilensis in response to changes in food regimes

AuthorsNavarro, Jorge M.; Labarta, Uxío ; Fernández-Reiriz, María José ; Velasco, Amaya
Feeding behavior
Absorption biochemical components
Issue Date2003
CitationJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 287(1): 13-35 (2003)
AbstractWe measured changes in the feeding rate and food absorption efficiency of two suspension feeding bivalves, cross-trasplanted between habitats with special emphasis on their capacity for differential absorption of biochemical components from their food supply. Mulinia edulis were moved from the intertidal zone to the subtidal zone, and Mytilus chilensis from the subtidal to the intertidal zone for a period of 7 days, and then compared with animal that had not been transplanted. Experimentally prepared diets similar to those available in the two different environments were offered to the bivalves, and their rates of feeding and differential uptake of biochemical components were determined and statistically compared. The two species did not achieve complete acclimation of their feeding behaviour during the transplant period since the highest ingestion rates for biochemical components occurred under dietary conditions that reflected their habitats of origin. Absorption efficiency showed greater acclimation than the other physiological parameters measured, indicating the capacity of these species to modulate their enzymatic-digestive activity depending on food composition. We conclude that both Mytilus and Mulinia have a certain degree of physiological plasticity in their feeding behaviour and assimilatory balance of biochemical components, being greater in Mytilus. When both species encounter ambient food conditions characteristic of their normal habitats, they show maximum values of food absorption, while under conditions where their typical diets are exchanged (Mytilus in intertidal and Mulinia in subtidal), the energy absorbed declines in each, but in ways very different between the two species. Thus, Mytilus exposed to high concentrations of low quality seston reduced the energy absorbed by 31.7% compared to its normal habitat, while Mulinia exposed to low concentrations of high-quality food reduced their energy absorption by 64%.
Description23 páginas, 4 figuras, 5 tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00501-4
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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