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Inflammatory protein sPLA2-IIA abrogates TNFα-induced apoptosis in human astroglioma cells: Crucial role of ERK

AuthorsIbeas, Elvira ; Fuentes, Lucía ; Martín, Rubén ; Hernández, Marita ; Nieto, María Luisa
Issue Date2009
CitationBBA - Molecular Cell Research 1793(12): 1837-1847 (2009)
AbstractBrain injury induces the expression of well-known cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), and other, which functions are less understood, as secreted phospholipase A2 group IIA (sPLA2-IIA). Since in pathological processes, cytokines function coordinately in networks, to further explore the actions of sPLA2-IIA in tumorigenesis, we investigated the effect of sPLA2-IIA in the presence of TNFα in human 1321N1 astrocytoma cells. In these cells, TNFα activates the apoptotic programme that is accompanied of cytoskeleton changes; however, simultaneous treatment with sPLA2-IIA prevents TNFα-mediated apoptosis and reverses the modification of the markers associated to this response. In fact, the mitogenic activity elicited by the phospholipase alone is preserved. This inhibitory effect is not found in other TNFα-mediated responses, even a functional cooperation is observed on COX-2 protein induction. The cross-talk between TNFα and sPLA2-IIA is associated with ERK activity since its pharmacological inhibition attenuates both synergistic and inhibitory responses. We have also observed that upon sPLA2-IIA stimulation, endogenous ERK has the capacity to bind and phosphorylate sequences present within the cytoplasmic domain of TNFR1/CD120a. These findings thus indicate that sPLA2-IIA and TNFα transduction pathways interact to modulate inflammatory responses and provide additional insights about the capacity of sPLA2-IIA to promote apoptosis resistance in astrocytoma cells. © 2009.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2009.10.004
issn: 0167-4889
Appears in Collections:(IBGM) Artículos
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