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Quantification of Anisakis simplex allergens in fresh, long-term frozen, and cooked fish muscle

AuthorsRodríguez-Mahillo, Ana I.; González Muñoz, Miguel; Heras, Cristina de las ; Tejada Yábar, Margarita ; Moneo, Ignacio
Issue Date2010
PublisherMary Ann Liebert
CitationFoodborne Pathogens and Disease 7: 967- 973 (2010)
AbstractFish-borne parasitic zoonoses such as Anisakiasis were once limited to people living in countries where raw or undercooked fish is traditionally consumed. Nowadays, several factors, such as the growing international markets, the improved transportation systems, the population movements, and the expansion of ethnic ways of cooking in developed countries, have increased the population exposed to these parasites. Improved diagnosis technology and a better knowledge of the symptoms by clinicians have increased the Anisakiasis cases worldwide. Dietary recommendations to Anisakis-sensitized patients include the consumption of frozen or well-cooked fish, but these probably do not defend sensitized patients from allergen exposure. The aim of our work was to develop a sensitive and specific method to detect and quantify Anisakis simplex allergens in fish muscle and its derivatives. Protein extraction was made in saline buffer followed by preparation under acid conditions. A. simplex antigens were detected by IgG immunoblot and quantified by dot blot. The allergenic properties of the extracts were assessed by IgE immunoblotting and basophil activation test. We were able to detect less than 1 ppm of A. simplex antigens, among them the allergen Ani s 4, in fish muscle with no cross-reactions and with a recovery rate of 82.5%. A. simplex antigens were detected in hakes and anchovies but not in sardines, red mullets, or shellfish. We detected A. simplex allergens in cooked hakes and also in hake stock. We proved that A. simplex allergens are preserved in long-term frozen storage (-20°C±2°C for 11 months) of parasitized hakes. Basophil activation tests have proven the capability of the A. simplex-positive fish extracts to induce allergic symptoms. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1089/fpd.2009.0517
issn: 1535-3141
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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