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Título

Biogeography and climatic change as a context to human dispersal out of Africa and within Eurasia

Autor Van der Made, Jan
Fecha de publicación 2011
EditorPergamon Press
Citación Quarternary Science Reviews 30: 1353- 1367 (2011)
ResumenThe dispersal of the genus Homo occurred against a background of continuous environmental change. Here, dispersals of large mammals through the Levantine Corridor and into Western Europe and Java are studied and compared to existing records of climatic change and dispersals of early humans and lithic industry. The first human dispersal (with Oldowan lithic industry) out of Africa, around or shortly before 1.8 Ma may have been triggered by biological evolution and increased social organisation, rather than environmental change. After that event, increasing aridity led to decreased faunal exchange between Africa and Eurasia and may have isolated the human populations of Africa and Africa. Southern (Java) and Eastern Asia (China) also seem to have been isolated. Human dispersal into Western Europe may have been limited by closed environments in Central Europe until about 1.2 Ma ago, when faunal dispersal into Europe suggests the cyclic spread of open environments to the west. Acheulean technology originated in Africa, some 1.6-1.5 Ma ago, but its dispersal into Eurasia may have been obstructed by an arid Southwest Asia, until broadly about 0.9 Ma ago, when faunal exchange suggests that the area became temporarily less dry. By 0.6-0.5 Ma ago it reached Europe. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/69324
DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.028
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.028
issn: 0277-3791
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